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Environmental Science Archives

e-ISSN: 2583-5092


ESA News

9 May 2023

Environmental Issues: Warning for Future

Manik Gupta*, Neha Mahajan**
*Assistant Professor, Department of Chemistry, Sri Guru Gobind Singh College, Chandigarh
**Ryan International School, Chandigarh

The environment is a critical component of the Earth's natural systems that supports all life on the planet. Without a healthy environment, human survival and well-being are at risk. But with modernisation, environmental problems are increasingly affecting our planet, human health, biodiversity, and the economy. Climate change, pollution, deforestation and the loss of biodiversity are just a few of the critical environmental issues that our world is currently facing.

Climate change, for instance, is causing more frequent and severe natural disasters, such as heatwaves, droughts, and flooding, which threaten the survival of both flora and fauna. Pollution, on the other hand, harms the air, water, and soil, polluting the environment and can have significant negative effects on human health, the natural world, and the economy. Air pollution, for example, can cause respiratory diseases, such as asthma and lung cancer, as well as cardiovascular problems, neurological disorders, and premature death. Water pollution can lead to waterborne diseases, such as cholera, typhoid, and dysentery, as well as the loss of aquatic life and degradation of ecosystems. Soil pollution can contaminate crops and reduce soil fertility, leading to food shortages and economic losses for farmers.

Polluting the environment can also have severe consequences for wildlife, including habitat destruction, loss of biodiversity, and extinction. Additionally, environmental pollution can harm the economy by reducing property values, increasing healthcare costs, and limiting tourism and recreational opportunities. Deforestation and the destruction of natural habitats also have severe consequences, as trees are critical components of the natural world, providing a host of benefits such as absorbing carbon dioxide, producing oxygen, and regulating the climate but cutting of trees lead to the loss of biodiversity and the degradation of ecosystems, which in turn disrupts essential ecological processes, such as carbon and nutrient cycling.

Overall, environmental problems pose a significant challenge to the well-being of our planet and require urgent action to address them.

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