top of page
Windows 7 ultimate collection of wallpapers (60).jpg

Medicinal Properties of Miracle Plant: Moringa oleifera

Anamika Singh and Ankur Omer

15 Jan 2023

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7538059


Phytomedicines are thought to have advantages over conventional pharmaceuticals, and recent research is rekindling interest in them. Moringa oleifera, often known as a miracle tree, drumsticks, or horseradish, is a tree with medicinal benefits. Its various parts, including the seeds, delicate pods, and leaves, are high in vitamins, minerals, amino acids, proteins, phenolic compounds, and beta-carotene. Because of their nutritional value, the leaves and branches can be used as livestock and fish feed. The growing demand for moringa-based goods that are environmentally friendly has opened up new avenues for researchers to investigate this plant. The objective of the article is to provide a comprehensive overview of Moringa species that have both nutritional and therapeutic properties.


Department of Botany, Maitreyi College, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India
Government College Silodi, Katni, Madhya Pradesh Higher Education Department, Madhya Pradesh, India



Singh A and Omer A (2023) Medicinal Properties of Miracle Plant: Moringa oleifera. Environ Sci Arch 2(1):42-51.


1. Abalaka ME, Olonitola OS, Onaolapo JA, et al. (2009) Evaluation of acute toxicity of Momordica charantia extract using wistar rats to determine safety level and usefulness of the plant ethnochemotheraphy. International Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences. 3(4):1-6.
2. Abdulkarim SM, Long K, Lai OM, et al. (2005) Some physico-chemical properties of Moringa oleifera seed oil extracted using solvent and aqueous enzymatic methods. Food Chemistry. 93(2):253-263.
3. Alam M, Alam M, Hakim M, et al. (2014) Development of fiber enriched herbal biscuits: a preliminary study on sensory evaluation and chemical composition. International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. 3(4): 246–250.
4. Ali EN (2014) Biosorption of Cd (II) from water by Moringa oleifera Leaves. Advanced Materials Research. 925:223-227.
5. Anhwange BA, Ajibola VO, and Oniye SJ (2004) Chemical studies of the seeds of Moringa oleifera (Lam) and Detarium microcarpum (Guill and Sperr). Journal of Biological Sciences. 4(6):711-715.
6. Anwar F, Latif S, Ashraf M. et al. (2007) Moringa oleifera: a food plant with multiple medicinal uses. Phytotherapy Research. 21(1):17–25.
7. Berger MR, Habs M, Jahn SA, et al. (1984) Toxicological assessment of seeds from Moringa oleifera and Moringa stenopetala, two highly efficient primary coagulants for domestic water treatment of tropical raw waters. East Afr Med J. 61(9):712-716.
8. Bhatnagar SS, Santapau H, Desai JDH, et al. (1961) Biological activity of Indian medicinal plants. Part 1. Antibacterial, antitubercular and antifungal action. Indian Journal of Medical Research. 49:799–805.
9. Bhattacharya SB, Das AK, and Banerji N, (1982) Chemical investigations on the gum exudates from Sonja (Moringa oleifera). Carbohydrate Research. 102(1): 253–262.
10. Burkill JH (1966) A Dictionary of Economic Products of the Malay Peninsula. 2, Art Printing Works Publishers, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Centre for Agricultural and Bioscience International. [Accessed 17 August 2021].
11. Chinma C, Abu J, and Akoma S (2014) Effect of germinated tigernut and moringa flour blends on the quality of wheat-based bread. Food Processing and Preservation. 38(2): 721–727.
12. Dahot MU. (1988) Vitamin contents of flowers and seeds of Moringa oleifera. Pakistan Journal of Biochemistry. 21(1-2): 1–24.
13. Dalukdeniya DACK, De Silva KLSR, and Rathnayaka RMUSK. (2016) Antimicrobial Activity of Different Extracts of Leaves Bark and Roots of Moringa oleifera (Lam). International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 5(7): 687-691.
14. Das J, Biswas SK, Chowdhury A, et al. (2012) In vitro Antibacterial and Antifungal Potentials of Petroleum Ether Extract of Moringa oleifera. Journal of Pjarmacology and Toxicology. 7(2):110-113.
15. Eman N. Ali (2014). Biosorption of Cd (II) from water by Moringa oleifera Leaves. Advanced Materials Research 925:223-227.
16. Fahey JW (2005) Moringa oleifera: A review of the medical evidence for its nutritional, therapeutic and prophylactic properties- Part 1. Trees for Life Journal. 1(5).
17. Fahey JW, Zalcmann AT and Talalay P (2001) The chemical diversity and distribution of glucosinolates and isothiocyanates among plants. Phytochemistry. 56(1): 5–51.
18. Faizi S, Siddiqui BS, Saleem R, et al. (1998) Hypotensive constituents from the pods of Moringa oleifera. Planta Medica. 64(3): 225–228.
19. Faizi S, Siddiqui BS, Saleem R, et al. (1994) Novel hypotensive agents, niazimin A, niazimin B, niazicin A and niazicin B from Moringa oleifera; Isolation of first naturally occurring carbamates. Journal of the Chemical Society Perkin Transactions, 1(22): 3035–3640.
20. Foidl N, and Paull R (2008) Moringa oleifera. In: The Encyclopedia of Fruit and Nuts, Janick, J. and R.E. Paull, (Eds.). CABI, Oxfordshire, UK, pp: 509-512.
21. Foidl N, Makkar HPS, and Becker K (2001) The Potential use of Moringa oleifera for Agriculture and Industrial uses. In: The Miracle Tree/The Multiple Attributes of Moringa oleifera. Fuglie, L.J. (Ed.). CTA, USA.
22. Fuglie LJ (1999) The Miracle Tree: Moringa oleifera: Natural Nutrition for the Tropics. Church World Service, Dakar. 68 pp.; revised in 2001 and published as The Miracle Tree: The Multiple Attributes of Moringa, 172 pp.
23. Fuglie LJ (2000) New uses of Moringa studied in nicaragua. ECHO Development Notes No. 68. Educational Concerns for Hunger Organization (ECHO), North Fort Myers, Fla.
24. Gassenschmidt U, Jany KD, Tauscher B et al. (1995) Isolation and characterization of a flocculating protein from Moringa oleifera Lam. Biochimica Biophysica Acta, 1243(3): 477-481.
25. Hamza AA (2010) Ameliorative effects of Moringa oleifera Lam seed extract on liver fibrosis of rats. Food and Chemical Toxicology. 48(1): 345-55.
26. Huang GJ, Deng JS, Huang SS, et al. (2012) Protective effect of antrosterol from Antrodia camphorata submerged whole broth against carbon tetrachloride-induced acute liver injury in mice. Food Chemistry. 132(2): 709-16.
27. Kerharo PJ (1969) Un remede populaire Sengalais: Le ‘Nebreday’ (Moringa oleifera lann.) employs therapeutiques en milieu Africain chimie et pharmacologie. Plantes Med Phytother. 3: 14–219.
28. Khawaja TM, Tahira M, and Ikram UK (2010) Moringa oleifera: a natural gift - A review. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research. 2(11): 775-81.
29. Kolawole F, Balogun M, Opaleke D, et al. (2013) An evaluation of nutritional and sensory qualities of wheat-moringa cake. Agrosearch. 13(1): 87–94.
30. Lai TY, Weng YJ, and Kuoi WW (2010) Taohe Chengqi Tang ameliorates acute liver injury induced by carbon tetrachloride in rats. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine. 8(1): 49-55.
31. Lalas S and Tsaknis J (2002) Extraction and identification of natural antioxidants from the seeds of Moringa oleifera tree variety of Malavi. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society. 79: 677–683.
32. Makkar HPS and Becker K (1997) Nutrients and antiquality factors in different morphological parts of the Moringa oleifera tree. The Journal of Agricultural Science. 128(3): 311-322.
33. Makonnen E, Hunde A and Damecha G (1997) Hypoglycaemic effect of Moringa stenopetala aqueous extract in rabbits. Phytotherapy Research. 11(2): 147–148.
34. Mehta LK, Balaraman R, Amin AH, et al. (2003) Effect of fruits of Moringa oleifera on the lipid profile of normal and hypercholesterolaemic rabbits. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 86(2-3): 191–195.
35. Morton JF (1991) The horseradish tree, Moringa pterygosperma (Moringaceae): A boon to arid lands?. Economic Botany. 45: 318-333.
36. Murakami A, Kitazono Y, Jiwajinda S, et al. (1998) Niaziminin, a thiocarbamate from the leaves of Moringa oleifera, holds a strict structural requirement for inhibition of tumor-promoter-induced Epstein-Barr virus activation. Planta Medica. 64(4): 319–323.
37. Muthu C, Ayyanar M, Raja N, et al. (2006) Medicinal plants used by traditional healers in Kancheepuram District of Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Ethnobiology and ethnomedicine. 2(1): 1.
38. Nagar PK, Iyer RI, and Sircar PK, (1982) Cytokinins in developing fruits of Moringa pterigosperma Gaertn. Physiologia Plantarum. 55(1): 45–50.
39. Nautiyal BP and Venhataraman KG (1987) Moringa (drumstick)-an ideal tree for social forestry: growing conditions and uses-Part I. Myforest. 23(1): 53-58.
40. Olsen A (1987) Low technology water purification by bentonite clay and Moringa oleifera seed flocculation as performed in Sudanese villages: effection Schistosoma mansoni cercariae. Water Research. 21(5): 517-522.
41. Padmarao P, Acharya BM and Dennis TJ (1996) Pharmacognostic study on stembark of Moringa oleifera Lam. Bulletin of Medico-Ethno-Botanical Research. 17: 141–151.
42. Paliwal R, Sharma VP, Sharma S, et al. (2011) Antinephrotoxic effect of administration of Moringa oleifera in amelioration of dmba-induced renal carcinogenesis in swiss albino mice. Biology and Medicine. 3(2): 25-35.
43. ProyectoBiomasa (1996). Internal Report, UNI Managua. Planting3.html.
44. Radovich T (2009) Farm and Forestry Production and Marketing Profle for Moringa (Moringa oleifera). In: Specialty Crops for Pacifc Island Agroforestry, Elevitch, C.R. (Ed.). Permanent Agriculture Resources (PAR), Holualoa, Hawai'I.
45. Rashid U, Anwar F, Moser BR, et al. (2008) Moringa oleifera oil: a possible source of biodiesel. Bioresource technology. 99(17): 8175-8179.
46. Ruckmani K, Kavimani S, Anandan R, et al. (1998) Effect of Moringa oleifera Lam on paracetamol-induced hepatoxicity. Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 60(1): 33–35.
47. Sachan A, Meena AK, Kaur R, et al. (2010) Moringa oleifera: A Review. Journal of Pharmacy Research. 3(4): 840-842.
48. Sharma V, Paliwal R, Janmeda P, et al. (2012) Chemopreventive efficacy of Moringa oleifera pods against 7, 12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene induced hepatic carcinogenesis in mice. Asian pacific journal of cancer prevention. 13(6): 2563-9.
49. Sharma V, Paliwal R, Janmeda P, et al. (2012) Renoprotective effects of Moringa oleifera pods in 7, 12 dimethylbenz[a] anthracene exposed mice. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine. 10(10): 1171-8.
50. Sharma V, Paliwal R, Pracheta (2011) Phytochemical analysis and evaluation of antioxidant activities of hydro-ethanolic extract of Moringa oleifera Lam. Pods. Journal of Pharmacy Research. 4(2): 554-557.
51. Siddhuraju P and Becker K (2003) Antioxidant properties of various solvent extracts of total phenolic constituents from three different agro-climatic origins of drumstick tree (Moringa oleifera Lam.). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 15(8): 2144–2155.
52. Singh GP and Sharma SK (2012) Antimicrobial evaluation of leaf extract of Moringa oleifera Lam. International Research Journal of Pharmacy. 3(10): 1-4.
53. The Wealth of India (A Dictionary of Indian Raw Materials and Industrial Products). (1962) Raw Materials(VI): L-M. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research: New Delhi, 425– 429.
54. Tsaknis J, Lalas S, Gergis V, et al. (1999) Characterization of Moringa oleifera variety Mbololo seed oil of Kenya. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 47(11): 4495-4499.
55. Villafuerte LR and Abonal LV (2009) Moringa: Malunggay Phillippines, Apples of Gold Publishing, Singapore, P 240.


License: Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third-party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. Visit for more details

bottom of page