Mushrooms contain secondary metabolites in their fruit bodies, cultured mycelium, and cultured broth which are higher Basidiomycetes and Ascomycetes. Mushrooms have been used in many sides of human activity for many years. Bioluminescence mushrooms gained more attention. Researchers focused on the ecological role of bioluminescence mushrooms as attracting insects for spore dispersal, which may be beneficial for fungi growing on the forest floor where wind flow is low. In this review, we will focus on some famous bioluminescent mushrooms, their ecology, bioluminescence mechanisms and their ecological benefits.
Chemistry of Natural and Microbial Products Department, National Research Centre, Giza, 12622, Egypt.
Correspondence and requests for materials should be addressed to WAE
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