top of page
Windows 7 ultimate collection of wallpapers (60).jpg

Acquisition and Conversion of Kamarajar Port into a Green Port by Chennai Port Authorities: A Case Study on Sustainable Operations

B Swaminathan 1 and TS Aravind 2


DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.10949825


As part of a strategy that led it to purchase the Government's 67% stake in Kamarajar Port for $2,383 crore through a government-to-government disinvestment deal a year ago, the Chennai Port Trust has brought vessel-related charges and concession schemes for container ships on par with Kamarajar Port Ltd (located about 18km to the North). In order to effectively combat competition, prevent cargo from being diverted to the neighbouring private and non-major ports, and improve the total cargo volumes of the two ports, Chennai Port Authorities bought Kamarajar Port and made it a wholly-owned unit. The purpose of this case study is to identify the frequently cited sustainable environmental success factors of the Kamarajar Port acquisition by Chennai Port Trust, to describe them within the context of supporting evidence, and to compare the strength of the two ports within identified factors. The authors of this work provide a Terminal Decision Support Tool (TDST) for the construction of a container terminal that takes environmental effects and operational efficiency into account.


1 Associate Professor, Indian Maritime University, Chennai Campus
2 Faculty Member, Indian Maritime University, Kochi Campus



Swaminathan B and Aravind TS (2024) Acquisition and Conversion of Kamarajar Port into a Green Port by Chennai Port Authorities: A Case Study on Sustainable Operations. Environ Sci Arch 3(1): 142-151.


ADB Validation Report (2013) India: Mumbai and Chennai Ports Project. ADB. Retrieved from India: Mumbai and Chennai Ports Project.
AECOM (2016) Master plan for Kamarajar Port. Ministry of Shipping /Indian Ports Association.
Balasubramaniam M (2018) Inevitability in the growth and development of green port operations in the seaports of Chennai cluster. International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology 9:489-496.
CAG (2020) Report of the Controller and Auditor General of India.
Chennai Port Authority (2022) Land use plan. Chennai Port. Retrieved from
Christiansen MA (2007) Maritime transportation. Handbooks in Operations Research and Management Science pp.189-284.
Construction Week (2020) Chennai Port Trust acquires 67% in Kamarajar Port. Retrieved from
De P (2002) Productivity, efficiency and technological change in Indian ports. International Journal of Maritime Economics 4:348-368.
De P and Ghosh B (2003) Causality between performance and traffic: an investigation with Indian ports. Maritime Policy & Management 30:5-27.
Final Report (2020) Business Plan for Chennai Port Trust. pp.185 Retrieved from
George SA and Tumma AC (2020) A benchmarking study of Indian seaports. Journal of Global Operations and Strategic Sourcing 13:88-102.
Ghosh B and De P (2001) Indian ports and globalisation: Grounding economics in geography. Economic and Political Weekly 36:3271-3283.
Gupta KV (2023) Assessment of environmental sustainability issues for South-Asian maritime ports. Australian Journal of Maritime & Ocean Affairs 154-176.
ICRA (2020) Kamarajar Port Limited: Ratings downgraded to ICRA Ltd.
ICRA (2021) Chennai Port Trust: Ratings reaffirmed. ICRA Ltd.
IFLR (2020) Retrieved from Chennai-Port-Trust-314-million-acquisition-of-74-49-stake-in-Kamarajar-Port#undefined
Kamaraj Port (2023) Retrieved from Kamaraj Port Ltd:
Kamarajar Port Limited (2022) 22nd Annual Report. Kamarajar Port Limited
Kumar M and Kumar S (2020) Maritime and Inland Trade in India: A Perspective Study. IRE Journal of Maritime Research and Development 4:10.
Kumar S and Saxsena P (2023) A Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) based study of major sea ports of India. International Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering Research 11:168-173.
Kumar ST, Kanungo S and Sekar M (2023) Digital Disruption in Major Ports with Special Reference to Chennai Port Kamarajar Port and Tuticorin Port. In Third Congress on Intelligent Systems: Proceedings of CIS (2022) 2:89-101.
Limited KP (2022) Masterplan Retrieved from https://wwwennoreportgovin/content/innerpage/ master-planphp
Mindur L (2019) The impact of India’s economy on the development of seaports Scientific Journal of Silesian University of Technology. Series Transport 105:169-182.
Ministry of Shipping Indian Ports Association (2016) Final Report for Sagarmala MoPSW.
Model YU (2021) Kamarajar Port Limited. Pp.113.
Monie GD (1995) Restructuring the Indian ports system. Maritime Policy and Management 22:255-260.
Monie GD (1995) The problems faced by Indian ports today. Maritime Policy and Management 22:235-238.
Port of Chennai (2015) Concession For Operating Container Shuttle Chennai Port Trust.
Port to Port (2020) Chennai and Kamarajar Ports merge to create Behemoth in the East Coast Retrieved from: http://porttoportin/headernewsdetphp?newstitle=12763
Port Wings (2020) Chennai Port acquires 100 percent stake in Kamarajar Port. Retrieved from https://portwingsin/chennai-port-acquires-100-percent-stake-in-kamarajar-port/
Project Today (2020) Chennai Port Trust acquires 67 percent in Kamarajar Port. Retrieved from https://wwwprojectstodaycom/News/Chennai-Port-Trust-acquires-67-percent-in-Kamarajar-Port
Purandare AA (2016) SWOT Analysis of Chennai Port (An ISO 14001: 2004 Certified Port). Pacific Business Review International 8(9): 122-129.
Rajasekar T and Deo M (2011) Major Port Trusts of India: Growth and Performance. IUP Journal of Infrastructure 9:7-23.
Rajasekar T and Rengamani J (2017) A study on the port congestion of the seaports in Chennai cluster. International Journal of Research in Management Economics and Commerce 13-19.
Rengamani J (2015) A study on the performance of major ports in India. International Journal of Management 6:48-55.
Sharma EA (2020) Measuring impact of Indian ports on environment and effectiveness of remedial measures towards environmental pollution. International Journal of Environment and Waste Management 25:356-380.
Sinha S, Hussain A, Chakraborty S, et al. (2016) Bridging infrastructural deficit at select trade ports in India.
Strategic Disinvestment & Privatisation (2015) Retrieved from Department of Investment and Public Asset Management, Ministry of Finance, Government of India. https://dipamgovin/strategic-disinvestment
Sundaravadivelu R (2019) Modernization of Port. Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference in Ocean Engineering (ICOE2018) pp.25-40.
UNCTAD (2019) Review of Maritime Transport, Geneva.


License: Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third-party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. Visit for more details

bottom of page