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Enzymatic Effect of Bio-Polishing of Different Types of Jute-Cotton Union Fabrics

Zakaria Ahmed and Khaled Saifullah


DOI: 10.5284/zenodo.10448257


Jute is natural fibers which are cheap, renewable and abundantly available in Bangladesh. Jute fibres are mainly used in the manufacturing of sacking and coarse cloths, carpets, and carpet backings. A small portion of jute fibres is used in apparel-making fabrics, usually blended with cotton fibres that provide cotton fabrics with high moisture absorbency as jute is one of the highest hygroscopic natural fibres (Ardon et al., 1996). They can be degraded by micro-organisms after their disposal. Natural fibres have distinct advantages during processing. Besides these advantages, natural fibre composites have some drawbacks which limit their wide-scale usage; such as they are not uniform like man-made fibres, and their properties can change batch-to-batch regarding their origin, growing and harvesting conditions. There are also compatibility problems between hydrophilic fibres and hydrophobic resin, which results in a poor fibre-matrix interface. Researchers attempted to solve the aforementioned problems of natural fibre composites to widen their usage. Most of them have tried to solve the interface problems through fibre modification by chemical or physical methods. These methods include NaOH treatment, graft copolymerization, acetylation, corona treatment etc. Enzymatic treatment of fibres is an alternative environment-friendly method that can be implemented instead of chemical methods which are in many cases harmful to the environment and worker’s health (Heikinheimo, 2002).


Bangladesh Jute Research Institute, Manik Miah Avenue, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh



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