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Impact of Nanotechnology on the Environment: A Review

Pranabesh Ghosh 1, Abhishek Konar 1, Sunanda Halder 2, Shivaranjani DS 3 and Jasmine Kaur 4


DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.10963714


The growing global population is causing an increase in energy and material consumption, which has an impact on the environment. Some of these repercussions include increased creation of solid waste, increased air pollution produced by automobiles and industrial facilities, contamination of surface and groundwater. Through the direct application of nanoparticles for the detection, prevention, and removal of pollutants as well as their indirect application through improved industrial design processes and the creation of environmentally friendly products, nanotechnology has the potential to improve the environment. Because of their enormous surface area and tiny size, nanoparticles exhibit greater reactivity. This property has many uses and advantages, but there are also potential hazards to workers and environmental safety. These dangers include the potential for long-term air suspension, build-up in the environment, ease of absorption, and harm to different bodily organs. This review has looked into how nanotechnology is used in water treatment, waste management, air pollution reduction, and nanomaterial safety.


1 School of Life Sciences, Seacom Skills University, Santiniketan, Bolpur, Birbhum, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Botany, Bethune College (University of Calcutta), Kolkata -700006, West Bengal, India
3 Department of Microbiology and Bioinformatics, Molelixir Informatics, New Delhi-110045, India
4 Departments of Applied Biology and Environmental Sciences, Centennial College, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M1C 5J9



Ghosh P, Konar A, Halder S, Shivaranjani DS and Kaur J (2024) Impact of Nanotechnology on the Environment: A Review. Environ Sci Arch 3(1): 152-163.


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