With a view to fabricating prominently strong handmade paper, MCC suspension (exterior additive), wax emulsion (interior additive) and reinforcement were applied with rosin. Optimal outcome was achieved on application of rosin incorporated with alum (internal additive) and MCC suspension. The strength was enhanced by 24.23% on rosin-alum treatment and use of MCC suspension. It was also noticed that use of rosin along with wax always lowered the strength.
1Bangladesh Jute Research Institute (BJRI), Manik Mia Avenue, Dhaka, Bangladesh
2Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Hossain HMZ, Rahman SMB, Rashid MM, Sarker J and Khatun M (2023) Study on Strength Behaviour of Handmade Paper Treated by Sizing Material Rosin. Environ Sci Arch 2(2):91-96.
1. Abdullah, Khan and Salam (1978) Preparation of Microcrystalline Cellulose from Jute. Bangladesh Journal of Jute and Fibre Research 12(3): 39-43.
2. Atchison JE (1990) Worldwide capacities of non-wood plant fibre pulping increasing faster than wood pulping capacities. TAPPI Nonwood plant fibre Pulping Progress Report 19:1-7.
3. Mudit C (1997) Use of non-wood plant fibres for Pulp and Paper industry: Focus on China. Masters’ dissertation, Virgina Polytechnic Institute and State University, Virgina, USA.
4. Hossain HMZ, Mollah, Rahman ME, et al. (2006) Application of Micro-crystalline cellulose to Increase the Hydrophobic Property of Paper Produced from Jute Waste. Bangladesh Journal of Jute and Fibre Research 16(1-2): 12-17.
5. Hossain HMZ, Mollah, Rahman ME, et al. (2006) Modification of Handmade Paper from Jute by CMC in mixture with MCC suspension for Increasing Hydrophobic Property. Bangladesh Journal of Jute and Fibre Research 16(1-2):18-23.
6. Ibrahim MM, Mobarak F, El-Din EIS, et al. (2009) Modified Egyptian talc as internal sizing agent for paper making carbohydrate polymer 75(1): 130-134.
7. Isogai A (1997) Properties of hand sheets containing cellulose regenerated from cellulose/aquous NaOH solution. Journal of the Society of Fiber Science and Technology, Japan 53(3): 25-31.
8. Mohammad A (2010) Modification of jute fibre and fabrics-Bangladesh 11(9-10): 20.
9. Singh Z (2022) Microplastics are Everywhere. Environ Sci Arch 1(1):1-3.
10. Suzuki T, Isogai A and Onabe F1(997) Properties of hand sheets containing starch pulp prepared with variou wet-end additives. Journal of the Society of Fiber Science and Technology, Japan 53 (10): March 1997 (Abstracted in Textile Research Journal, USA. October-1997).
11. TAPPI Test method (1993) Standard Conditioning and testing atmospheres for paper, paper board, pulp handsheet and related products T402 om-93.
12. TAPPI Test method (1998) Water absorptivenes of sized (non-bibulous) paper, paper board and corrugated fiber board (Cobb test) T441 om-98.
License: Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third-party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. Visit for more details http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.